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Pisa: what to see in the city with timeless charm

Pisa, a city that enchants visitors with its artistic and historical heritage, is a place that tells the thousand-year history of Tuscany. Famous for its Leaning Tower, Pisa is one of Italy’s most fascinating destinations. However, beyond its iconic tower, this city offers a wealth of hidden treasures to explore.

A city rich of history

The history of Pisa is a fascinating journey through the centuries. Founded by the Romans as an important seaport, the city soon became a center of trade and culture. During the Middle Ages, Pisa reached its peak of power as one of Italy’s great maritime republics, competing with cities such as Genoa and Venice for dominion of the seas. This golden age left an indelible mark on the city, as evidenced by its majestic medieval buildings and Romanesque churches.

One of the most significant moments in the history of Pisa was the construction of the Leaning Tower, which began in the 12th century. The tower, with its unique inclination, has become an iconic symbol of Italy, attracting visitors from all over the world.

In addition to maritime enterprises, Pisa was the birthplace of important cultural figures such as the mathematician Fibonacci. The city is also famous for its university, one of the oldest in Europe.

What to see in Pisa?

Square of Miracles

The Square of Miracles is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the most beautiful squares in Europe.

Also known as Piazza del Duomo, it is actually a complex of sacred buildings that embrace the Pisa Cathedral, the Baptistery, the Monumental Cemetery and, of course, the famous Leaning Tower. These monuments narrate the thousand-year history of Pisa, from its Roman roots to the height of its maritime power in the Middle Ages.

The name “Piazza dei Miracoli” refers to the miracle of the creation of such an extraordinary architectural complex. The square has also been called “Field of Miracles” for its visual and spiritual impact.

Pisa’s tower

You cannot visit Pisa without admiring the famous Leaning Tower. This marble bell tower has become an iconic symbol of Italy. The tower is tilted due to land subsidence during its construction in the 12th century. Today it is possible to climb its steps and enjoy a panoramic view of the city.

In addition to its inclination, the Tower of Pisa is an artistic and scientific jewel. Its elegant design and detailed workmanship testify to the skill of medieval architects. Galileo Galilei, one of the greatest scientists in history, is linked to the Tower of Pisa. He is said to have dropped objects from the tower to demonstrate the laws of motion and acceleration due to gravity.

The Cathedral of Pisa

Pisa Cathedral, dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta, is an impressive example of Romanesque architecture. The facade, decorated with blind arches, columns and sculptures, reflects an artistic style rich in details. The bronze doors are masterpieces by the sculptor Bonanno Pisano.

Baptistery of Pisa

The Baptistery, located in front of the Cathedral, is another masterpiece of Romanesque art. Its extraordinary acoustics have made the Baptistery famous for its choirs during religious celebrations. The circular structure symbolizes perfection and eternity, and the dome that tops the building adds grandeur to the whole.

The interior of the Baptistery is equally fascinating, with a dome opening onto an altar and a marble baptismal pile, known as the “Fonte Maggiore”.

Monumental Cemetery

The Camposanto, or Monumental Cemetery, is an ancient cemetery in Pisa. Its walls contain tombs and sculpted monuments, while the interior is adorned with extraordinary frescoes.

Church of Santa Maria della Spina

This charming Gothic church is located along the Arno River. Its facade is decorated with pinnacles and sculpted statues, while the interior houses precious works of art.

Santa Maria della Spina in Pisa

Scotto Garden

If you want a break from visiting the monuments, the Giardino Scotto is a perfect place to relax. This public park offers green spaces, mature trees and a peaceful atmosphere.

Middle Bridge

This picturesque bridge crosses the Arno River and is the heart of the historic center of Pisa. It is surrounded by shops, restaurants and cafes, making it an ideal place for a stroll.

What to eat in Pisa?

Pisan cuisine is a delicious combination of Tuscan flavours. Savor traditional dishes such as chickpea soup, stewed wild boar, and the famous torte co’ bischeri. Don’t forget to accompany your meal with a glass of local wine.

How to Get to Pisa?

Pisa is easily reachable thanks to Pisa Airport, which offers national and international flights. Furthermore, the city is well connected to the main Italian centers via the railway system.

A visit to Pisa is a unique opportunity to explore the history, art and culture of this fascinating Tuscan city. Whether you are fascinated by the Leaning Tower or want to immerse yourself in the beauty of its monuments, this city will welcome you with open arms.