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Maltese Archipelago: Malta, Gozzo and Comino

Made up of three main islands – Malta, Gozo and Comino – and a few smaller islands, the Maltese Archipelago is an eclectic destination that enchants visitors with its history, crystal clear waters, breathtaking scenery and the warm hospitality of its people.



Malta, the largest of the three islands, is the cultural and political center of the archipelago. Its history dates back to ancient times, with archaeological evidence testifying to the presence of settlements dating back over 5,000 years. The archipelago has been inhabited by different civilizations, including Phoenicians, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Normans and Knights of the Order of St. John. These cultural influences are reflected in Malta’s architecture, cuisine and traditions.

Valletta, the capital of Malta, is one of the most attractive and best preserved cities in Europe. Declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the city is a unique blend of Baroque and Renaissance styles, with narrow cobbled streets, magnificent palaces and impressive ramparts offering spectacular sea views.

Malta is also famous for its traditional festivals, with fireworks displays, religious processions and celebrations involving the whole community.


Gozo, the second largest island in the archipelago, is a hidden gem with picturesque landscapes and a tranquil atmosphere. Known as the island of calm, Gozo is an ideal place to relax and enjoy unspoilt nature. Here, visitors can explore ancient megalithic temples, marvel at the breathtaking Dwejra cliffs and take a walk to discover quaint fishing villages.


Comino, the smallest of the three islands, is a natural paradise with white sand beaches and crystal clear waters. The island is famous for its Blue Lagoon, a bay with turquoise waters that attracts thousands of visitors every year.

In addition to natural beauty, the archipelago of Malta is rich in history and culture. Visitors can explore ancient archaeological sites, such as the megalithic temples of Ħaġar Qim and Mnajdra, dating back over 5,000 years, and the Rabat Catacombs, where the tombs of the island’s first Christians are found.

What to do during your visit to the Maltese Archipelago?

In the Maltese archipelago, there are numerous activities and places to explore to make your visit unforgettable. Here are some of the things to do and see on your trip:

  • Exploring Valletta: The capital of Malta, Valletta, is a city steeped in history and culture. Visit Fort St Elmo, Upper Barrakka Gardens and St John’s Cathedral. Stroll along the narrow streets and admire the Baroque architecture.
  • Discover megalithic temples: Malta is home to some of the oldest megalithic temples in the world, including Ħaġar Qim and Mnajdra. These archaeological sites are a true historical treasure and have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Visiting the Island of Gozo: Take a ferry to Gozo and discover the tranquil beauty of this island. Visit the Citadel, admire the famous azure window at Dwejra and relax on its beaches.
  • Take a trip to Comino: Comino is famous for its Blue Lagoon, with crystal clear waters and white sand. Enjoy a day in the sun, snorkel and enjoy the natural beauty of the island.
  • Take a stroll in Mdina: Known as the ‘City of Silence’, Mdina is an ancient walled city with quaint narrow streets and panoramic views over the Maltese countryside.
  • Visit San Anton Gardens: In Attard, you can visit the beautiful San Anton Gardens, which are surrounded by lush greenery and also house the Presidential Palace.
  • Go Scuba Diving: Malta’s crystal clear waters are ideal for scuba diving. Explore underwater wrecks, caves and rock formations.
  • Taste the Maltese cuisine: Taste the typical dishes of Malta, such as pastizzi, fenkata (rabbit) and lampuka (blue fish). Don’t forget to savor the famous Maltese wine.
  • Participate in Local Festivities: Malta is famous for its traditional and religious festivities. If you’re lucky enough to visit during a festival, you’ll be able to witness colorful processions and celebrations.
  • Relaxing on the Beaches: Malta’s beaches offer a perfect place to relax and enjoy the sun and sea. Some of the more popular beaches include Golden Bay, Mellieħa Bay and Ghajn Tuffieha.

How to get to the Maltese Archipelago?

To get to the Maltese archipelago, you can fly to Malta International Airport, also known as Malta Luqa International Airport (MLA). This airport is well connected with numerous European cities. Several airlines operate direct flights to Malta from various destinations in Europe, including Air Malta, Ryanair, easyJet, Alitalia, British Airways and Lufthansa, to name a few.

An alternative to get to Malta is the ferry from several Italian cities, such as Catania, Palermo and Salerno. Ferries operate with different frequencies throughout the year. This option is especially convenient for those who want to bring their vehicle with them to the island.

This archipelago is relatively small, so it is easy to move between different destinations. The islands are well connected with ferry and hydrofoil services, allowing you to visit Gozo and Comino even for a day trip.

The archipelago of Malta offers a unique mix of history, culture, nature and traditions, making it an ideal destination for travelers in search of authenticity and beauty. With its timeless charm and welcoming atmosphere, Malta is definitely a must-see destination.