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Amalfi: between maritime glories and natural beauty

The splendid city of Amalfi is undoubtedly one of the jewels of the Amalfi Coast in Italy. Situated between majestic mountains and the crystal clear sea, Amalfi enchants visitors with its natural beauty, rich history and fascinating architecture.

The history of the city

The history of Amalfi dates back to Roman times, when it was a thriving maritime city and an important commercial center in the Mediterranean. Starting from the 9th century, thanks to its strategic position (naturally defended by both the sea and the mountains) and center of gravity in the Mediterranean, the city became the first of the maritime republics, soon entering into competition with its historic rivals: Pisa, Venice and Genoa . His fleet of sailors undertook daring voyages across the Mediterranean, establishing trade relations with important cities such as Constantinople, Alexandria, Egypt, and Jerusalem.

Amalfi became famous for its fleet of fast, sturdy ships that dominated the region’s maritime trade. The city specialized in the production of fabrics, ceramics, glass and paper, which were exchanged for goods from all over the world. The city’s wealth was reflected in its magnificent architecture. Amalfi was adorned with sumptuous palaces, churches and towers which testified to the power and influence of the maritime republic. The Cathedral of Sant’Andrea, with its majestic facade and Byzantine dome, was the symbol of prestige of Amalfi and represented the religious center of the city.

What to see in Amalfi?

One of the main attractions of Amalfi is the Cathedral of Sant’Andrea (the duomo), an architectural masterpiece dating back to the year 987. Its imposing facade with arches, mosaics and Romanesque-Arabic style decorations captures the attention of every visitor . Inside, there are precious treasures including frescoes, the relics of the apostle Andrew and the majestic wooden crucifix.

Next to the cathedral is the Cloister of Paradise which features a series of Gothic columns and arches surrounding a lovely garden. It is a perfect place to enjoy the peace and beauty of the place.

Another attraction not to be missed is the Paper Museum, which illustrates the ancient tradition of artisanal paper production in the region. You can admire historic machinery and learn the traditional techniques used to create high-quality paper.

Near Amalfi there is also the Valle delle Ferriere where it is possible to walk along panoramic paths surrounded by greenery among waterfalls and the remains of ancient ironworks from the medieval era. For those who wish it is even possible to cool off in the crystal clear waters. The route is relaxing and accessible to everyone.

Amalfi is an excellent starting point for boat excursions along the coast. You can admire the sea caves (such as the Emerald Grotto), hidden beaches and spectacular cliffs that make this region so unique. Remember to also explore the other towns and villages along the Amalfi Coast: Positano, Ravello and Vietri sul Mare.

In conclusion, Amalfi is a magical place that combines history, natural beauty and a vibrant Mediterranean atmosphere. With its fascinating architecture, enchanting beaches and rich culture, Amalfi is definitely worth a visit during a trip to the Amalfi Coast. Prepare to be captured by its beauty and immerse yourself in an unforgettable experience.